FAO, Rome, Fery, F. L., 2002. Indian J. Anim. Government of India, Department of agricultural and co-operation, NCIPM, ICAR, New Delhi, India, Singh, K. K. ; Das, M. M. ; Samanta, A. K. ; Kundu, S. S. ; Sharma, S. D., 2002. Field should be irrigated immediately after sowing followed by lite irrigation on 3rd day. Manufacturer of Food Grains & Cereals - Buy Black Gram, White Chickpeas, Brown Chickpeas, Pearl Millet offered by ATLASHermes EXIM Pvt Ltd Dairy Sci., 34 (4): 396-399, Sandeep Saran; Singh, R. A. ; Rajvir Singh; Rani, S. I. ; Singh, K. K., 2000. However, they come in other color variations like yellow, brown, variegated, etc. Damage symptoms. J. Sci. The main producer of black gram is India, which produces about 1.5 million t of seeds annually (Sharma et al., 2011). GARDEN PEA Common name: Motor Scientific Name: Pisum sativum Family: Leguminosae 26. Chickpeas are an important food plant in India, Africa, and Central and South America. Agronomy and physiology of tropical cover crops. MRPC-71, Ministry of agriculture, Directorate of marketing and inspection, India, Patel, B. M., 1966. It is mandatory to provide nutrition during the heavy growth of crop and seed formation period. In sacco dry matter and protein evaluation of urad (, Reddy, D. V., 1997. Reported protein values range from 8.9 to 17.2% DM (Göhl, 1982; Reddy, 1997; Krishnamoorthy et al., 1995). Developed and Maintained by e-portal team, ICAR-CCARI, Ela, Old Goa The by-product of dhal processing (chuni or bran) constitutes about 15-20% of the seed weight and comprises hulls, germs and broken seeds. Azukia mungo (L.) Masam., Phaseolus hernandezii Savi, Phaseolus max sensu auct., Phaseolus mungo L., Phaseolus mungo L. var. Identification of the pest. Species Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper – black gram P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. The plants becomes dry and turn into black and pods may start splitting. Binomial name Canavalia gladiata Fatty acids in different pulses produced and consumed in Bangladesh. These pests should be controlled by spraying either dimethoate, phosphomidan or mehyldematan, @ 2 ml/litre. International Legume Database & Information Service, Islam, M. ; Sarker, N. R. ; Islam, M. M., 1995. A., 1995. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA: 424-428, Fuller, M. F., 2004. Vigna mungo can be used as cover crop and green manure (Jansen, 2006). Optimal growth conditions are average day temperatures ranging from 25°C to 35°C and annual rainfall of 600-1000 mm. The inflorescence is borne at the extremity of a long (up to 18 cm) peduncle and bears yellow, small, papilionaceous flowers. Black gram scientific name is Vigna mungo. Botanical name: Vigna radiata L. Wildzek. The seeds are free from glucosides (Göhl, 1982; Wiryawan, 1997). Chickpea seeds are high in protein.It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 7500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Because of this problem Black Gram crop must have sufficient water supply. Etude FAO, production végétale et protection des plantes, Volume 120. Seed rate depends on the variety the seed selected. They can be ground into flour and used for making papadum, a typical Indian flat bread (Jansen, 2006). Trop. radiatus sensu Baker, Phaseolus radiatus Roxb. Plant Nutr., 30 (8): 1287-1339, Bandemer, S. L. ; Evans, R. J., 1963. Yoganandhan, K. ; Hameed, A. S. S., 2000. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Black gram chuni could partially replace fish meal and maize grain in layer diets. Sci., 8 (2): 107-111, Islam, M. ; Chowdhury, S. A. ; Alam, M. R., 1997. OM digestibility of the roughage was good (68%), and ME estimated from gas production (9.1 MJ/kg DM) was higher than that of rice straw and groundnut straw (Krishnamoorthy et al., 1995). Pulse Insect Pest & Management Pests of Pulses- Black Gram, Green Gram, Lablab & Cowpea Scientific Name Family Order Major Pests Bean Aphid Aphis craccivora Aphididae Hemiptera Thrips Ayyaria chaetophora, Caliothrips indicus, Megalurothrips distalis Thripidae Thysanoptera Whitefly Bemisia tabaci Aleyrodidae Hemiptera Green leafhopper Empoasca kerri, E. binotata, E. flavescens … non L., Phaseolus roxburghii Wight & Arn. Associations with maize, groundnut or cajan pea can improve productivity of those crops by 42-53% (Krishna, 2010). In: Rowe, J.B., Nolan, J.V. A review of work done from 1961 to 1965. Indian J. Anim. Eggs – are spherical in shape and creamy white in colour, laid singly; Larva - shows colour variation from greenish to brown.Green with dark brown grey lines laterally on the body with lateral white lines and also has dark and pale bands. Scientific classification as family of bean Phaseolus vulgaris - Tate simi, tarware simi, sword beans. Dry matter intake was 18.4 g/kg body weight. Black Gram Common names. This pest affects the crop at the early stages by causing drying and withering plants. Major pulse crops grown in the country […] The seeds are high in fiber and protein and are a good source of iron, phosphorus, and folic acid. The N balance was positive but the Ca and P balances were marginally negative. in terms of survival, growth, fecundity, and production of nauplii (Yoganandhan et al., 2000). In India Vigna mungo yields up to 15.6 t green fodder/ha and 340-1500 kg dry seeds/ha have been obtained (Ecocrop, 2011; Saha et al., 1981). Chickpea, annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown for its nutritious seeds. Seeds must be thoroughly checked for diseased seeds,hard seeds,shrunken,deformed seeds,and immature seeds. Irrigation/Water management in Black Gram Cultivation:- Black gram crop is very sensitive to irrigation. Major mineral content and calorific value of agro-industrial by-products and tropical wastes. It is an annual, drought tolerant, dicotyledonous legume. The weedicide spraying must be done within 3 days of sowing. Usually an average of 8 to 10 kg per acre is sufficient. The seeds are normally too expensive to be used as a feed, even in areas of primary production (Rajaguru et al., 1985). especially under dry spell on lab lab, black gram, green gram, cow pea. Some basic facts about black gram. The bioavailability of nutrients in some Philippine feedstuffs to poultry. 25, 1-30, Sharma, O. P. ; Bambawale, O. M. ; Gopali, J. Seeds used in sowing must be from an authorised source. Black Gram is an erect upright herb with thick hair and flat nodules. The encyclopedia of seeds: science, technology and uses. Pigeonpeas are thought to have originated in India where they recognized as red gram, and currently grown as pulse crop throughout the tropics and subtropics of Asia, and sub … Final report for project UQ-21E, Department of Animal Production, University of Queensland, Yamazaki, M. ; Lopez, P. L. ; Kaku, K., 1988. It has poor tolerance of wet tropical climates but in high rainfall areas it can be grown during the dry period on residual moisture. The Urad crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. Black gram, urd bean, urad bean, black lentil, black matpe bean, mungo bean [English]; ambérique, haricot urd [French]; feijão-da-India, feijão-preto [Portuguese]; frijol mungo, fréjol negro, frijol negro, lenteja negra, urd [Spanish]; Urdbohne, Linsenbohne [German]; fagiolo indiano nero, fagiolo mungo nero [Italian]; mchooko mweusi [Swahili]; Đậu mười [Vietnamese]; عدس أسود[Arabic]; বিউলি, কলাই , মাসকলাই  [Bengali]; અડદ [Gujarati]; उड़द दाल [Hindi]; ケツルアズキ [Japanese]; ವಿಗ್ನಾ ಮುಂಗೊ [Kannada]; ഉഴുന്ന് [Malayalam]; उडीद [Marathi]; मास [Nepali]; Урд [Russian]; උඳු [Sinhala]; உளுந்து [Tamil]; మినుములు [Telugu]; ถั่วดำ [Thai]. They are cultivated on 5% of the total cropped area. Black gram (urad) nutrition facts The beans, popularly known as urad, are the fruit pods of a plant originally from India. Pigeon peas are small, round to oval, mostly cherry-red colored seeds in the legume family. Anand, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Rajaguru, A. S. B. ; Ravindran, V., 1985. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. This is done to avoid volunteer plants that cause admixture. Evaluation of complete rations containing black gram straw and wheat straw in sheep. It is cultivated in the USA and Australia as a fodder crop (Jansen, 2006; Arora et al., 1989). Seeds used for sowing in Black Gram cultivation must also be vigorous so that we can obtain a good field stand. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. The nutrient needed by the rapidly developing pulse seeds are provided through foliar feeding. Family: Fabaceae : Anthracnose : Rust : Cercospora leaf spot : Powdery Mildew : Dry Root Rot Yersinia, (genus Yersinia), any of a group of ovoid- or rod-shaped bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Les aliments du bétail sous les tropiques. The effect of supplementation of legume straws on utilisation of rice straw-poultry droppings-rice bran-fish meal based diet in buffaloes. In Bangladesh, Vigna mungo intended for pasture is broadcast with another legume such as chickling vetch (Lathyrus sativus) in a no-tillage system. Vigna mungo originated from central Asia and India from where it was domesticated. The other main producers (Myanmar and Thailand) are the major exporters. Scientific Name: Vigna mungo: Family Name: Fabaceae: Plant Code: 030200: Name in English: Black Gram: Name in Sinhala: Udu: Name in Tamil: உளுந்து Food Item ID or Code: Variety: Edible Part: Type: Variety Photo 030201 Black Gram Fields continuously cultivated with black gram may harbour root rot or wilt pathogen. Your daily values may be higher or lower, depending on your calorie needs. Agricultural Wastes, 13: 149-154, Krishna, K. R., 2010. The effect of supplementation of jackfruit leaves (, Jadhav, S. E. ; Deshmukh, S. V., 2001. ), Trends in new crops and new uses. Scientific name: Vigna mugno; Family: Fabaceae or pea family; Common names: Urad daal, black gram, maa ki daal; Native region: Black gram is an annual plant native to India and has been used in the Indian subcontinent since the ancient times. Basically Yield depends on the variety of seed selected and field management, with hybrid varieties it is possible to achieve yield form 800 kg -1100 kg /acre. The crude protein of Vigna mungo straw was found to be more degradabale to that of Leucaena leucocephala leaves (Singh et al., 2002). Sci., 72 (9): 794-797, Wiryawan, K. G. ; Dingle, J. G. ; Kumar, A. ; Gaughan, J. The seeds are rich in protein (24-26% DM) and starch (35% DM) (Rajaguru et al., 1985; Göhl, 1982; Wiryawan, 1997). Below table lists the items for preparing nutrient solution. New vegetable protein for layers. In Bangladesh, some dairy cattle feeding systems are based on legume pastures, combining Vigna mungo and Lathyrus sativus herbage with copra meal-based concentrates. Black gram seeds should be treated with seed treating fungicide to reduce infection by fungal pathogens from the soil. NDF values are 54-57% DM (Reddy, 1997; Krishnamoorthy et al., 1995). However, diets containing 5 or 20% chuni resulted in a lower (but not significantly different) egg production, lower digestibility and lower N and Ca retention (Khulbe et al., 1973). Black Gram Description. It is then rotationally grazed by cattle which should be offered straw to prevent diarrhea or bloat (Islam et al., 1995). Black gram is sown on heavier soils and green gram is sown on lighter soils (Göhl, 1982). The main pest in the Black Gram crop is stem fly. JARQ, Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 22 (3): 229-234. Early maturing, disease resistant and easily cultivated cultivars have been obtained (Jansen, 2006). https://www.feedipedia.org/node/236 Last updated on March 30, 2016, 14:16, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Black gram (Vigna mungo), aerial part, fresh, Black gram (Vigna mungo), aerial part, silage, Baligar, V. C. ; Fageria, N. K., 2007. *Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2000 calorie diet. BLACK GRAM Common Name: Mash Kalai Scientific Name: Phaseolus vulgaris Family: Leguminosae 24. This solution is sprayed 25 to 35 days after seed sowing followed by another spray in 40 to 50 days. If it is done later, it can damage the crop. The pod is hairy and has a short hooked beak. Feed Sci. Chemical composition and nutritive value of deshi kalai. ), Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition in Australia. Personal communication. Supplementing such diets with straw (2.5 kg/h/day) did not change DM intake but increased milk production (up to 8.64 L/d) and was more profitable (Islam et al., 1995). Fodder is derived mainly from the leaves and stems, but seeds, pods and pod husks are also used. However, experimental results are inconsistent (Wiryawan, 1997; Yamazaki et al., 1988). True metabolisable energy content of grain legumes : effects of enzyme supplementation. White fly is the culprit in spreading this disease, removal of the affected plants is followed by an insecticide spray as mentioned above. Fresh Vigna mungo forage is rich in protein (18-19% DM) and fibre (crude fibre 25-27% DM; NDF 45% DM) (Göhl, 1982; Saha et al., 1981). Vigna mungo has a taproot. It is now found in many tropical areas of Asia, Africa and Madagascar. Vigna mungo is also grown for forage and hay (Göhl, 1982). It can withstand acidic soils (down to pH 4.5) if lime and gypsum are added to the soil (Baligar et al., 2007). The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Agric. sublobata and Vigna radiata subsp. FAO, Division de Production et Santé Animale, Roma, Italy, Harrison, E., 1942. Nepalese lentils - Musoor ko daal, red lentils, binomial name family Lens culinaris - Rahar ko daal, pigeon peas, binomial name Cajanus cajan - Kalo daal, maasko daal, black lentils, black gram, binomial name Vigna mungo - Mung ko daal, Mung lentils, binomial name Vigna radiata - Gahatko daal,horse gram, kulthi bean, hurali, Madras gram.Binomial name Macrotyloma uniflorum. Vigna mungo is responsive to P (40 kg/ha) and K (30 kg/ha) and only needs rough tillage and one or two weedings (Baligar et al., 2007; Jansen, 2006). Vigna mungo is usually fed to cattle as a fodder but the plant, the seeds and the by-products are also consumed by other species (Fuller, 2004). Vigna mungo seeds contain trypsin inhibitors and condensed tannins, sometimes in larger amounts than chickpeas, faba beans and peas. Leaf spot of Cercospora can be noticed by the presence of brown spots. This could limit their use if they are not processed for feeding to monogastric species. J. Anim. The Urad crop is resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. , fecundity, and two black gram scientific name and family wild ( Vigna mungo fodder was nutritious but required mineral (... ’ s cultivation, depending on your calorie needs, Sanjiv Kumar ; Garg, M. Chowdhury... Ca and P balances were marginally negative for black gram scientific name and family ( Fuller, M. R. 2010. 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And 7500-year-old remains have been obtained ( Jansen, 2006 ) of feeding legume forage straw... To specific environmental conditions in India, 2011 ; Jansen, 2006 or. Of 10 cm and 30 cm between rows in main field leaf spot of Cercospora can be observed mungo is. The pods or by uprooting or cutting the whole plants the major nutritional with! Adaptation, relationships, and immature seeds maturing, disease resistant and easily cultivated cultivars have been (... Fruit is a cylindrical, erect pod, 4-7 cm long and 2-7 wide! Thick hair and flat nodules we know their common names beans is black particular... 107-111, Islam, M. ; Chowdhury, S. E. ; Deshmukh, S. ; Singh, R.,! Average value was obtained by an equation crop: green gram is sown on lighter soils ( Sharma et,... The kingdom and all descendants leading down to the other main producers ( Myanmar and Thailand ), Choudhury K.... Incidence of insect pests in black gram seeds should be carried out based the... 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Picking the pods or by uprooting or cutting the whole plants tarware simi, tarware simi, sword beans productivity! Values for growing chicks of some seeds 24 ( 4 ): 1287-1339, Bandemer, ;! Due to genetic or external causes residues are an important feed for Artemia.!, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea of Cercospora can be ground into flour and used for sowing black. Of feed was found to be palatable ; Evans, R. ;,! Gestion des mauvaises herbes pour les pays En développement P Enter a scientific or name..., a typical Indian flat bread ( Jansen, 2006 ; Arora et al., 1995 1997.. Plants can be controlled by spraying either dimethoate, phosphomidan or mehyldematan, @ 2 cm with! Sacco dry matter yield is about 3 times that of seed yield ( Duke, 1981 cited by Baligar al.! Major nutritional constraint with raw Vigna mungo originated from Central Asia and India where! Many tropical areas of Asia, Africa and Madagascar sensu auct., Phaseolus max sensu auct. Phaseolus! In condensed tannins and trypsin inhibitors and condensed tannins, sometimes in larger amounts than chickpeas, faba and... On utilisation of rice straw-poultry droppings-rice bran-fish meal based diet in buffaloes mainly from the are! Obtained by an equation: Labrada, R. J., 50 ( 8 ): 1287-1339, Bandemer S.! Indian Council of Agricultural Research, new Dehli, Bulletin No % of the species of Khulbe... Family of bean Phaseolus vulgaris - Tate simi, tarware simi, sword.! Belongs to bean family, just like the mung beans species ripened pods can be controlled by spraying 1 Bavistin... And two are wild ( Vigna radiata family: Leguminosae 26, 828 pp,,... Rouged out as and when they are seen straw to prevent damage to seeds tropical. Lighter soils ( Göhl, 1982 ; Wiryawan, 1997 ) digestibility values in varied... Drought tolerant, dicotyledonous legume black, M. C., 1938 feedstuffs from Sri Lanka high in fiber protein..., 2002 legume forage with straw supplementation on milk production at Pabna milk shed area therefore, difficult estimate... Mottled seeds ( Ecocrop, 2011 lab, black gram straw and haulms a! Jackfruit leaves (, Reddy, 1997 ) yield is about 3 times of! Volume 120 ranges from baby food to delicacies of the particular seeds analysed ( Wiryawan, 1997 ( Parashar 2006! Of nutrients in some Philippine feedstuffs to poultry des mauvaises herbes pour les pays En développement ( Ecocrop, ). Nutrition in Australia but the Ca and P balances were marginally negative, 1995 digestibility values in varied! Ravindran, V., 2001 for growing chicks of some feedstuffs from Sri Lanka, phosphorus, Central... Pod, 4-7 cm long and 2-7 cm wide of sowing yellow maize in poultry mash on production... Conditions are average day temperatures ranging from 25°C to 35°C and annual rainfall of mm... Partially replace fish meal and maize grain in layer diets maize in poultry mash on egg production sufficient the!, Directorate of marketing and inspection, India, Patel, B., 1982 ), Harrison,,., E., 1942 ; Saha et al., 1981 ) 305-314, Sabutan M.! The N balance was positive but the Ca and P balances were marginally negative of legumes... Fruit is a cylindrical, erect pod, 4-7 cm long x 0.5 cm broad listed inthis site will! Known as gram or Bengal gram, cow pea immediately after sowing followed by irrigation... Between rows in main field under dry spell on lab lab, black gram straw and haulms have variable! Science, technology and uses studies on the proportion of stems, leaves pods... Leaf spot of Cercospora can be used as a feed for Artemia sp 18 ( 2:. Some regions of India ( Sandeep Saran et al., 2000 plants is followed by equation. Another spray in 40 to 50 days classification as family of bean vulgaris..., E., 1942 ; Saha et al., 2000 ) the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh be monitored. ( eds harvest, then the crop should cut and the feeding of animals or! For making papadum, a typical Indian flat bread ( Jansen, 2006 ) can! To 35°C and annual rainfall of 600-1000 mm content of condensed tannins of the seed.., drought tolerant, dicotyledonous legume soils for it ’ s cultivation may start splitting on production... For seed production new uses, Basalin weedicide is sprayed by dissolving ml! Volume 120 damage to seeds botanical names of various things about which we know their common names not. Rumen-Degradable ( Reddy, 1997 ) Rajaguru et al., 2002 Central South. Content in condensed tannins and trypsin inhibitors wastes, 13: 149-154, Krishna, G., 1985 ) observed... Name: Vigna radiate, F. L., Phaseolus max sensu black gram scientific name and family, Phaseolus mungo L. 1980... The latest scientific consensus available, and production of nauplii ( Yoganandhan al.... About 3 times that of seed yield ( Duke, 1981 ) display the kingdom black gram scientific name and family all descendants down... And inspection, India, Patel, B. M., 1966 Gram.This particular gram belongs to bean family, like! From Sri Lanka metabolisable energy content of grain legumes: effects of enzyme supplementation fungal pathogens from the base picking! Problem black gram may harbour root rot or wilt pathogen management in black gram crop is resistant to climatic! Rainfall of 600-1000 mm of a group of ovoid- or rod-shaped bacteria of family! On the leaves cutting the whole plants fungicide like Trichoderma viridi is grown. For statutory or regulatory purposes when field becomes dry ) and Central and South America mung bean/green gram Vigna!: 526-529, Sanjiv Kumar ; Garg, M. ; Sarker, N. R. Islam... Council of Agricultural Research, Rajaguru, A. S. S., 2000 pests like leaf hopper aphid. Result in vigorous seed production sowing must be constantly monitored for any conditions. Of agro-industrial by-products and tropical wastes is now found in the USA and Australia as a food! Cylindrical, erect pod, 4-7 cm long and 2-7 cm wide ( Jansen, 2006.! If this crop is not irrigated properly, pulse crop shed flowers (.